Research Article
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İri ve ince tesis atıklarından kromit kazanım olasılıklarının incelenmesi

Year 2022, Volume 61, Issue 2, 69 - 81, 26.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.974348

Abstract

Mevcut bir kromiti zenginleştirme tesisi atık akışları, farklı yöntemlerle karakterize edilmiş ve zenginleştirilmiştir. Karakterizasyon çalışmaları, kromit taneciklerinin tüm boyut fraksiyonlarında (+100 µm) iri yantaş taneleri üzerinde ince bir şekilde dağıldığını göstermiştir. iri atık zenginleştirme çalışmaları sırasında incelikteki artış, saçınımlı kromit tanecikleri üzerinde önemli bir etki göstermemiştir. İri atıktan ne satılabilir bir konsantre ne de kabul edilebilir bir verim elde edilememiştir. Bu nedenle optimizasyon çalışmaları ince atık numunesi üzerinde yoğunlaşmıştır. Yantaş minerallerinin uzaklaştırılmasında yerçekimi ile zenginleştirmenin manyetik ayırmadan daha verimli olduğu belirlenmiştir. Sallntılı masa parametrelerinin etkisi ampirik modeller kullanılarak optimize edilmiştir. Konsantredeki tenör ve verimin önemli ölçüde masa eğimindeki değişime bağlı olduğu belirlenmiştir. Yüksek tenör (>%42) ve kabul edilebilir bir verim (>%40) elde etmek amacıyla, orta seviyede yıkama suyu (>4l/d) ve düşük seviyede masa eğimi (<3 derece) gereklidir. Ampirik modellerin geçerliliği, y=x doğrusu üzerinde ölçülen ve tahmin edilen değerlerin iyi bir uyumla sonuçlandığı bir dizi test ile doğrulanmıştır.

References

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  • Altın, G., Inal, S., Alp, I., Lekili, M. 2018. Recovery of Chromite from Processing Plant Tailing by Vertical Ring and Pulsating High-Gradient Magnetic Separation. Journal of Underground Resources, 13, 23-35.
  • Araujo, A.C., Viana, P.R.M., Peres, A.E.C. 2004. Reagents in iron ores flotation. Minerals engineering. 18 (2), 219-224.
  • Brown, R. 2001. Slimes Effect on Spiral Efficiency. Report on the Cooljarloo North Mine.
  • Can, N. M., Çelik, İ. B. 2009a. Process Mineralogy: Its Importance in Mineral Processing, Measuring Methods and Instruments-Part I. Madencilik. 48 (1), 43-53.
  • Can, N. M., Çelik, İ. B. 2009b. Process Mineralogy: Data Evaluation and Case Study Examples-Part II. Madencilik. 48 (2), 11-20.
  • Can, İ.B., Özsoy, B., Ergün, Ş.L. 2019. Developing an optimum beneficiation route for a low-grade chromite ore. Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 55 (4), 865–878.
  • Cicek, T., Cocen, I., Samanli, I. 1998. Gravimetric concentration of fine chromite tailings. Innovation in mineral and coal processing, Balkema, Rotterdam, 731-736.
  • Cicek, T., Cocen, I. 2002. Applicability of Mozley multigravity separator (MGS) to fine chromite tailings of Turkish chromite concentrating plants. Minerals Engineering. 15, 91–93.
  • Das, S. 2015. Quantitative mineralogical characterization of chrome ore beneficiation plant tailing and its beneficiated products. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials. doi: 10.1007/s12613-015-1078-y.
  • Deniz, V. 2019. Evaluation by Multi Gravity Separator (MGS) of a Low Grade Chromite Tailing From Yesilova- Burdur (Turkey). Inzynieria Mineralna. doi: 10.29227/IM-2019-02-17.
  • Gence, N. 1999. Beneficiation of elazig-kefdag chromite by multi-gravity separator, Tr Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 23, 473-475.
  • Goodman, R.H., Brown, C.A., Ritchie, I.C. 1985. Advanced gravity concentrators for improving metallurgical performance. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing. 79–86.
  • Gu, F., Wills, B.A. 1988. Chromite–mineralogy and processing Minerals Engineering. 1 (3), 235-240.
  • Guney, A., Dogan, M.Z., Onal, G. 1991. Beneficiation of Etibank Uckopru chromite tailings by column flotation. In: Proceedings of Column Flotation Symposium. Sudbury, Canada, 211–219.
  • Guney A., Onal G., Atmaca T. 2001. New aspect of chromite gravity tailings re-processing. Minerals Engineering. 14 (1), 1527-1530.
  • Gupta, A., Yan, D. 2016. Mineral Processing Design and Operations. Second Edition, Elsevier, UK p. 704.
  • Hearn, S. 2002. The use of hindered settlers to improve iron ore gravity concentration circuits. Mineral processing plant design, practice, and control. 929-944.
  • Holland-Batt, A.B. 1995. Some design considerations for spiral separators, Minerals Engineering. 8 (11), 1381-1395. İzerdem, D., 2018. Investigation of The Effect of Particle Size in Gravity Concentration Equipment. PhD. Thesis, Hacettepe University, p. 181.
  • Kumar, C., Tripathy, S., Rao, D.S. 2009. Characterisation and Pre-concentration of Chromite Values from Plant Tailings Using Floatex Density Separator. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.85033.
  • Mulenshi, J., Khavari, P., Rosenkranz, J. 2019. Characterization and Feasible Physical Separation Methods for Yxsjöberg Historical Tungsten Ore Tailings. Conference in Minerals Engineering, At Luleå University of Technology, 1-17.
  • Murthy, Y.R., Tripathy, S.K., Kumar, C.R. 2011. Chrome ore beneficiation challenges & opportunities: a review, Minerals Engineering. 24, 375-380.
  • Ozcan, O., Ergun, Ş.L. 2013. Beneficiation of Fine Chromites by Multi Gravity Separator MGS. 13th International Mineral Processing Symposium, 191-196.
  • Ozcan, O., Can, N., Can, İ., Sayılı, S. 2019. Karaçam Lateritik Nikel Cevherinin Mineralojik Karakterizasyonu Ve Fiziksel Zenginleşme Davraniminin Belirlenmesi. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi. doi: 10.30797/madencilik.666432.
  • Ozkan, S.G., Ipekoglu, B. 2001. Concentration Studies on Chromite Tailings by Multi Gravity Separator, 17th International Mining Congress and Exhibition of Turkey- IMCET 2001, 765-768.
  • Ramsaywok, P., Vermaak, M.K.G., Viljoen, R. 2010. Case study: High capacity spiral concentrators. Journal- South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 110, 637-642.
  • Rao, R.B., Reddy, P.S.R., Prakash, S., Ansari, M.I. 1987. Recovery of chromite values from chrome ore beneficiation plant tailings, Trans. Indian Inst. Met. 40, 203-206.
  • Sonmez, E., Turgut, B., 1998. Enrichment of low-grade Karaburhan chromite ores by gravitational methods. Innovation in mineral and coal processing. 723-726.
  • Tripathy, S., Ramamurthy, Y., Singh, V. 2011. Recovery of Chromite Values from Plant Tailings by Gravity Concentration. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.101002.
  • Tripathy, S.K., Rama Murthy, Y., Singh, V. 2013. Characterisation and separation studies of Indian chromite beneficiation plant tailing, Int. J. Miner. Process. 122, 47-53.
  • Tripathy, S.K., Y. Rama Murthy, Veerendra Singh & Nikkam Suresh. 2016. Processing of Ferruginous Chromite Ore by Dry High-Intensity Magnetic Separation, Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review. doi: 10.1080/08827508.2016.1168418.
  • Tripathy, S., Bhoja, S., Yanamandra, R.M. 2017. Processing of chromite ultra-fines in a water only cyclone. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 27, 1057-1063.
  • Ucbas, V., Ozdag, H. 1994. Relationships between shake frequency and amplitude in the concentration of chromite fines by multi-gravity separator. In: Demirel, H., Ersayin, S. (Eds.), Progress in Mineral Processing Technology. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 71–76.
  • Wills, B.A., Napier-Munn, T.J., 2006. Mineral Processing Technology, Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 261–265.

Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings

Year 2022, Volume 61, Issue 2, 69 - 81, 26.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.974348

Abstract

Tailing streams of an existing chromite plant were characterized and then beneficiated in different methods. Characterization studies have been indicated that chromite grains finely disseminated on the coarse gangue particles in all size fractions (+100 µm). Increase in fineness did not show a significant effect on disseminated chromite grains during coarse tailing beneficiation studies. Neither a salable concentrate nor an acceptable recovery could not be obtained from coarse tailing. For this reason, optimization studies were focused on fine tailing sample. Removal of the gangue minerals was determined to be more efficient using gravity concentration rather than magnetic separation. The effect of parameters of shaking table were optimized using empirical models. It was determined that grade and recovery in the concentrate majorly depended on the variation of table slope. To achieve high grade (>42%) with acceptable recovery (>40%), a medium level of wash water (>4lpm) and lower level of table slope (<3 degree) is necessary. Validation of the empirical models were verified with set of tests which measured versus predicted values resulted good agreement on the y=x line.

References

  • Abela, R. 2003. The effect of the slimes content on the rougher spiral circuit in a heavy mineral sands operation. Proceedings of the Heavy Mineral Conference, 1-8.
  • Altın, G., Inal, S., Alp, I., Lekili, M. 2018. Recovery of Chromite from Processing Plant Tailing by Vertical Ring and Pulsating High-Gradient Magnetic Separation. Journal of Underground Resources, 13, 23-35.
  • Araujo, A.C., Viana, P.R.M., Peres, A.E.C. 2004. Reagents in iron ores flotation. Minerals engineering. 18 (2), 219-224.
  • Brown, R. 2001. Slimes Effect on Spiral Efficiency. Report on the Cooljarloo North Mine.
  • Can, N. M., Çelik, İ. B. 2009a. Process Mineralogy: Its Importance in Mineral Processing, Measuring Methods and Instruments-Part I. Madencilik. 48 (1), 43-53.
  • Can, N. M., Çelik, İ. B. 2009b. Process Mineralogy: Data Evaluation and Case Study Examples-Part II. Madencilik. 48 (2), 11-20.
  • Can, İ.B., Özsoy, B., Ergün, Ş.L. 2019. Developing an optimum beneficiation route for a low-grade chromite ore. Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 55 (4), 865–878.
  • Cicek, T., Cocen, I., Samanli, I. 1998. Gravimetric concentration of fine chromite tailings. Innovation in mineral and coal processing, Balkema, Rotterdam, 731-736.
  • Cicek, T., Cocen, I. 2002. Applicability of Mozley multigravity separator (MGS) to fine chromite tailings of Turkish chromite concentrating plants. Minerals Engineering. 15, 91–93.
  • Das, S. 2015. Quantitative mineralogical characterization of chrome ore beneficiation plant tailing and its beneficiated products. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials. doi: 10.1007/s12613-015-1078-y.
  • Deniz, V. 2019. Evaluation by Multi Gravity Separator (MGS) of a Low Grade Chromite Tailing From Yesilova- Burdur (Turkey). Inzynieria Mineralna. doi: 10.29227/IM-2019-02-17.
  • Gence, N. 1999. Beneficiation of elazig-kefdag chromite by multi-gravity separator, Tr Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 23, 473-475.
  • Goodman, R.H., Brown, C.A., Ritchie, I.C. 1985. Advanced gravity concentrators for improving metallurgical performance. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing. 79–86.
  • Gu, F., Wills, B.A. 1988. Chromite–mineralogy and processing Minerals Engineering. 1 (3), 235-240.
  • Guney, A., Dogan, M.Z., Onal, G. 1991. Beneficiation of Etibank Uckopru chromite tailings by column flotation. In: Proceedings of Column Flotation Symposium. Sudbury, Canada, 211–219.
  • Guney A., Onal G., Atmaca T. 2001. New aspect of chromite gravity tailings re-processing. Minerals Engineering. 14 (1), 1527-1530.
  • Gupta, A., Yan, D. 2016. Mineral Processing Design and Operations. Second Edition, Elsevier, UK p. 704.
  • Hearn, S. 2002. The use of hindered settlers to improve iron ore gravity concentration circuits. Mineral processing plant design, practice, and control. 929-944.
  • Holland-Batt, A.B. 1995. Some design considerations for spiral separators, Minerals Engineering. 8 (11), 1381-1395. İzerdem, D., 2018. Investigation of The Effect of Particle Size in Gravity Concentration Equipment. PhD. Thesis, Hacettepe University, p. 181.
  • Kumar, C., Tripathy, S., Rao, D.S. 2009. Characterisation and Pre-concentration of Chromite Values from Plant Tailings Using Floatex Density Separator. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.85033.
  • Mulenshi, J., Khavari, P., Rosenkranz, J. 2019. Characterization and Feasible Physical Separation Methods for Yxsjöberg Historical Tungsten Ore Tailings. Conference in Minerals Engineering, At Luleå University of Technology, 1-17.
  • Murthy, Y.R., Tripathy, S.K., Kumar, C.R. 2011. Chrome ore beneficiation challenges & opportunities: a review, Minerals Engineering. 24, 375-380.
  • Ozcan, O., Ergun, Ş.L. 2013. Beneficiation of Fine Chromites by Multi Gravity Separator MGS. 13th International Mineral Processing Symposium, 191-196.
  • Ozcan, O., Can, N., Can, İ., Sayılı, S. 2019. Karaçam Lateritik Nikel Cevherinin Mineralojik Karakterizasyonu Ve Fiziksel Zenginleşme Davraniminin Belirlenmesi. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi. doi: 10.30797/madencilik.666432.
  • Ozkan, S.G., Ipekoglu, B. 2001. Concentration Studies on Chromite Tailings by Multi Gravity Separator, 17th International Mining Congress and Exhibition of Turkey- IMCET 2001, 765-768.
  • Ramsaywok, P., Vermaak, M.K.G., Viljoen, R. 2010. Case study: High capacity spiral concentrators. Journal- South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 110, 637-642.
  • Rao, R.B., Reddy, P.S.R., Prakash, S., Ansari, M.I. 1987. Recovery of chromite values from chrome ore beneficiation plant tailings, Trans. Indian Inst. Met. 40, 203-206.
  • Sonmez, E., Turgut, B., 1998. Enrichment of low-grade Karaburhan chromite ores by gravitational methods. Innovation in mineral and coal processing. 723-726.
  • Tripathy, S., Ramamurthy, Y., Singh, V. 2011. Recovery of Chromite Values from Plant Tailings by Gravity Concentration. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.101002.
  • Tripathy, S.K., Rama Murthy, Y., Singh, V. 2013. Characterisation and separation studies of Indian chromite beneficiation plant tailing, Int. J. Miner. Process. 122, 47-53.
  • Tripathy, S.K., Y. Rama Murthy, Veerendra Singh & Nikkam Suresh. 2016. Processing of Ferruginous Chromite Ore by Dry High-Intensity Magnetic Separation, Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review. doi: 10.1080/08827508.2016.1168418.
  • Tripathy, S., Bhoja, S., Yanamandra, R.M. 2017. Processing of chromite ultra-fines in a water only cyclone. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 27, 1057-1063.
  • Ucbas, V., Ozdag, H. 1994. Relationships between shake frequency and amplitude in the concentration of chromite fines by multi-gravity separator. In: Demirel, H., Ersayin, S. (Eds.), Progress in Mineral Processing Technology. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 71–76.
  • Wills, B.A., Napier-Munn, T.J., 2006. Mineral Processing Technology, Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 261–265.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Özgür ÖZCAN> (Primary Author)
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, MADEN MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-6177-4585
Türkiye

Publication Date June 26, 2022
Submission Date July 25, 2021
Acceptance Date December 19, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 61, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { madencilik974348, journal = {Scientific Mining Journal}, issn = {2564-7024}, eissn = {2587-2613}, address = {Selanik Cad. No: 19/4 06650 Kızılay-Çankaya / ANKARA - TURKEY}, publisher = {Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey}, year = {2022}, volume = {61}, number = {2}, pages = {69 - 81}, doi = {10.30797/madencilik.974348}, title = {Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings}, key = {cite}, author = {Özcan, Özgür} }
APA Özcan, Ö. (2022). Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings . Scientific Mining Journal , 61 (2) , 69-81 . DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.974348
MLA Özcan, Ö. "Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings" . Scientific Mining Journal 61 (2022 ): 69-81 <http://www.mining.org.tr/en/pub/issue/70541/974348>
Chicago Özcan, Ö. "Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings". Scientific Mining Journal 61 (2022 ): 69-81
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings AU - ÖzgürÖzcan Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.974348 DO - 10.30797/madencilik.974348 T2 - Scientific Mining Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 69 EP - 81 VL - 61 IS - 2 SN - 2564-7024-2587-2613 M3 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.974348 UR - https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.974348 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Scientific Mining Journal Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings %A Özgür Özcan %T Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings %D 2022 %J Scientific Mining Journal %P 2564-7024-2587-2613 %V 61 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30797/madencilik.974348 %U 10.30797/madencilik.974348
ISNAD Özcan, Özgür . "Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings". Scientific Mining Journal 61 / 2 (June 2022): 69-81 . https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.974348
AMA Özcan Ö. Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings. Mining. 2022; 61(2): 69-81.
Vancouver Özcan Ö. Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings. Scientific Mining Journal. 2022; 61(2): 69-81.
IEEE Ö. Özcan , "Investigation of chromite recovery possibilities from coarse and fine plant tailings", Scientific Mining Journal, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 69-81, Jun. 2022, doi:10.30797/madencilik.974348

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