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Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması

Year 2022, Volume 61, Issue 2, 83 - 92, 26.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.989453

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, bir manganlı demir cevherinden manganez çözünmesi indirgeyici liç yöntemiyle incelenmiştir. Sülfürik asit (H2SO4) çözeltisi içerisinde cevherden seçimli olarak manganez çözünümü için indirgeyici ajan olarak çeşitli kimyasallar kullanılmıştır. Öncelikle indirgeyici kullanılmadan seçimli mangan çözünmesi için optimum çözünme değerleri belirlenmiştir. Cevherden manganezin seçimli çözünümü hedeflendiğinden indirgeyici liç testleri, %11.54 Mn ve %2.16 Fe çözünme değerlerinin elde edildiği optimum parametreler altında (1 saat liç süresi, 300 rpm karıştırma hızı, 70 °C sıcaklık ve 1 M sülfürik asit konsantrasyonu) indirgeyici eklenerek gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çeşitli organik bileşikler kullanılarak (tartarik asit (C4H6O6), oksalik asit (C2H2O4), sitrik asit (C6H8O7), glikoz (C6H12O6), sükroz (C12H22O11) ve maleik asit (C4H4O4)) %97,46’ya varan yüksek verimlerde mangan çözünümü sağlanmıştır.

References

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Investigation on manganese extraction from a manganiferous iron ore using different reductants

Year 2022, Volume 61, Issue 2, 83 - 92, 26.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.989453

Abstract

In this paper, the manganese extraction from a manganiferous iron ore was investigated using reductive leaching. Various chemicals were used as a reducing agent to leach manganese selectively from the ore in the presence of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) solution. Firstly, optimum dissolution values were determined for selective manganese dissolution without using a reducing agent. As it was aimed at the selective extraction of manganese from the ore, the reductive leaching tests were conducted by adding the reducing agents under the following optimal parameters: a leaching time of 1 h, a stirring speed of 300 rpm, a temperature of 70 °C, a sulfuric acid concentration of 1 M where the ore was leached with an extraction ratio of 11.54% Mn and 2.16% Fe. Manganese was dissolved with high efficiencies (up to 97.46%) from the ore by using different organic compounds (tartaric acid (C4H6O6), oxalic acid (C2H2O4), citric acid (C6H8O7), glucose (C6H12O6), sucrose (C12H22O11), and maleic acid (C4H4O4)) as the reducing agents.

References

  • Chen, W., Lei, Y., Jiang, Y. 2016. Influencing factors analysis of China’s iron import price: Based on quantile regression model. Resources Policy. doi: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2016.02.007.
  • Cheng, Z., Zhu, G., Zhao, Y. 2009. Study in reduction-roast leaching manganese from low-grade manganese dioxide ores using cornstalk as reductant. Hydrometallurgy. doi: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2008.08.004.
  • Coetsee, T. 2018. MnO reduction in high carbon ferromanganese production: practice and theory. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review. doi: 10.1080/08827508.2018.1459618.
  • Ding, J., Chai, T., Cheng, W., Zheng, X. 2015. Data-based multiplemodel prediction of the production rate for hematite ore beneficiation process. Control Engineering Practice. doi: 10.1016/j.conengprac.2015.08.015.
  • Ewees, A.A., Elaziz, M.A., Alameer, Z., Ye, H., Jianhua, Z. 2020. Improving multilayer perceptron neural network using chaotic grasshopper optimization algorithm to forecast iron ore price volatility. Resources Policy. doi: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2019.101555.
  • Fan, D., Yang, P., 1999. Introduction to and classification of manganese deposits of China. Ore Geology Reviews. doi: 10.1016/S0169-1368(99)00011-6.
  • Furlani, G., Moscardini, E., Pagnanelli, F., Ferella, F., Vegliò, F., Toro, L. 2009. recovery of manganese from zinc alkaline batteries by reductive acid leaching using carbohydrates as reductant. Hydrometallurgy. doi: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2009.07.005.
  • Gao, L., Liu, Z., Chu, M., Wang, R., Wang, Z., Feng, C. 2018. Upgrading of low-grade manganese ore based on reduction roasting and magnetic separation technique. Separation Science and Technology. doi: 10.1080/01496395.2018.1504795.
  • Gao, Y., Olivas-Martinez, M., Sohn, H.Y., Kim, H.G., Kim, C.W. 2012. Upgrading of Low-Grade Manganese Ore by Selective Reduction of Iron Oxide and Magnetic Separation. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. doi: 10.1007/s11663-012-9731-6.
  • Ghafarizadeh, B., Rashchi, F., Vahidi, E., 2011. Recovery of manganese from electric arc furnace dust of ferromanganese production units by reductive leaching. Minerals Engineering. doi: 10.1016/j.mineng.2010.11.003.
  • Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N. J. 2009. Iron And Manganese Ore Deposits: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, And Economic Geology. De Vivo, B., Grasemann, B., Stüwe, K. (Ed.). Geology - Volume IV, EOLSS publishers. France.
  • Hariprasad, D., Dash, B., Ghosh, M. K., Anand, S. 2007. Leaching of manganese ores using sawdust as a reductant. Minerals Engineering. doi: 10.1016/J.MINENG.2007.07.013.
  • Hartmann, H. 1874. Spiegeleisen Manufacturing. In Fifth Annual Report of the Geological Survey of Indiana, pp. 71-101. Indianapolis, IN: Sentinel Company, Printers.
  • He, J., Liu, C., Xie, J., Hong, P., Yao, Y. 2017. Beneficiation of coarse particulate iron ore by using a dry density-based fluidized bed separator. Powder Technology. doi: 10.1016/j.powtec.2017.07.007.
  • IBOM (Indian Bureau of Mines), 2014. Manganese ore – vision 2020 and beyond.
  • https://ibm.gov.in/writereaddata/files/11052014103838Manganese_Ore_Vision_2020_and_Beyond.pdf. [Erişim tarihi: 11 Ocak 2020].
  • Joseph, T.L., Royster, P.H., Kinney, S.P. 1926. Utilization of manganiferous ıron ores (Technical Paper). United States. Bureau of Mines, United States. Government Printing Office. Kuleshov, V., Maynard, J.B. 2017. Isotope geochemistry: the origin and formation of manganese rocks and ores. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Lasheen, T.A., El-Hazek, M.N., Helal, A.S., El-Nagar, W. 2009. Recovery of manganese using molasses as reductant ın nitric acid solution. International Journal of Mineral Processing. Doi: 10.1016/j.minpro.2009.03.001.
  • Li, C., Zhong, H., Wang, S., Xue, J., Wu, F., Zhang, Z. 2015. Manganese extraction by reduction–acid leaching from low-grade manganese oxide ores using cas as reductant. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China. doi: 10.1016/S1003-6326(15)63772-4.
  • Li, G. The chinese iron ore deposits and ore production, iron ores and ıron oxide materials, Volodymyr Shatokha, IntechOpen, doi: 10.5772/intechopen.76729. 2018.
  • Li, S., Yan, J., Pei, Q., Sha, J., Mou, S., Xiao, Y. 2019. Risk ıdentification and evaluation of the long-term supply of manganese mines in china based on the vw-bgr method. Sustainability. doi: 10.3390/su11092683.
  • Liu, B., Zhang, Y., Lu, M., Su, Z., Li, G., Jiang, T. 2019a. Extraction and separation of manganese and iron from ferruginous manganese ores: A review. Minerals Engineering. doi: 10.1016/j.mineng.2018.11.016.
  • Liu, B., Zhang, Y., Wang, J., Wang, J., Su, J., Li, G., Jiang, T. 2018. New understanding on separation of Mn and Fe from ferruginous manganese ores by the magnetic reduction roasting process. Applied Surface Science. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.02.234
  • Liu, B., Zhang, Y., Wang, J., Wang, J., Su, Z., Li, G., Jiang, T. 2019b. A Further Investigation On The MnO2-Fe2O3 System Roasted Under CO-CO2 Atmosphere. Advanced Powder Technology. doi: 10.1016/j.apt.2018.11.006.
  • Lu, Y., Ma, H., Huang, R., Yuan, A., Huang, Z., Zhou, Z. 2015. Reductive leaching of low-grade pyrolusite with formic acid. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. doi: 10.1007/s11663-015-0380-4.
  • Luther, G.W., Ruppel, D.T., Burkhard, C. 1998. Reactivity of dissolved mn(ııı) complexes and mn(ıv) species with reductants: mn redox chemistry without a dissolution step?. ACS Symposium Series. doi: 0.1021/bk-1998-0715.ch013.
  • Martin, S.T., 2005. Precipitation and dissolution of iron and manganese oxides. Grassian, V.H. (Ed.). Environmental Catalysis, CRC Press.
  • Mehdilo, A., Irannajad, M., Hojjatı-Rad, M.R. 2013. Characterization and beneficiation of Iranian low-grade manganese ore. Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing. doi: 10.5277/ppmp130230.
  • Mishra, P.P., Mohapatra, B.K., Mahanta, K. 2009. Upgradation of low-grade siliceous manganese ore from Bonai-Keonjhar Belt, Orissa, India. Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering. 8(1), 47-56.
  • Momade, F.W.Y., Momade, Zs.G. 1999. Reductive leaching of manganese oxide ore in aqueous methanol–sulphuric acid medium. Hydrometallurgy. doi: 10.1016/S0304-386X(98)00077-2.
  • Muthalib, N., Abdullah, N.S., Ismail, S. 2018. Reductive Leaching Of Low Grade Manganese Ore (LGMO) Using Glucose In Sulphuric Acid : Optimization Condition Using Response Surface Methodology. ASEAN Engineering Journal. doi: 10.11113/aej.v8.15503.
  • Naik, P.K., Sukla, L.B., Das, S.C. 2000. Aqueous SO2 leaching studies on Nishikahal manganese ore through factorial experiment. Hydrometallurgy. doi: 10.1016/S0304-386X(99)00075-4.
  • Nayak, B.B., Mishra, K.G., Paramguru, R.K. 1999. Kinetics and mechanism of mno2 dissolution in h2so4 in the presence of pyrite. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. doi: 10.1023/A:1003490810114.
  • Nayl, A.A., Ismail, I.M., Aly, H.F. 2011. Recovery of pure MnSO4∙H2O by reductive leaching of manganese from pyrolusite ore by sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide. International Journal of Mineral Processing. doi: 10.1016/j.minpro.2011.05.003.
  • Nurjaman, F., Saputra, H., Astuti, W., Ferdian, D.,Suharno, B. 2018. Ferromanganese production from the mixture of medium-grade and low-grade Indonesian manganese ore. Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies. doi: 10.1080/2374068X.2017.1419411.
  • Öztürk, H. 1997. Manganese deposits in Turkey: Distribution, types and tectonic setting. Ore Geology Reviews. doi: 10.1016/S0169-1368(97)00005-X.
  • Pourbaix, M. 1974. Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • Prasetyo, E., Purwaningsih, E., Astuti, W. 2019. Selective-reductive leaching of manganese from low-grade manganese ore using tannic acid as reductant. Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration. doi: 10.1007/s42461-019-00115-6.
  • Rath, S.S., Tripathy, S.K., Rao, D.S., Biswal, S.K. 2018. Characterization and reduction roasting studies of an iron rich manganese ore. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals. doi: 10.1007/s12666-017-1218-3.
  • Rose, A.W., Means, B., Shah, P.J., 2003. Methods for passive removal of manganese from acid mine drainage. In: Proceedings of West Virginia Surface Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium. Morgantown, WV (USA), p. 11.
  • Sahoo, R.N., Naik, P.K., Das, S.C. 2001. Leaching Of Manganese From Low-Grade Manganese Ore Using Oxalic Acid As Reductant In Sulphuric Acid Solution. Hydrometallurgy. doi: 10.1016/S0304-386X(01)00196-7.
  • Shrimali, K., Atluri, V., Wang, Y., Bacchuwar, S., Wang, X., Miller, J. D. 2018. The Nature Of Hematite Depression With Corn Starch In The Reverse Flotation Of Iron Ore. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.04.002.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Soner TOP This is me
ABDULLAH GUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-3486-4184
Türkiye


Mahmut ALTINER>
CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-7428-5999
Türkiye


Sait KURŞUNOĞLU> (Primary Author)
ABDULLAH GUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1680-5482
Türkiye

Supporting Institution TÜBİTAK
Project Number 119M690
Thanks Bu çalışma, Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TÜBİTAK) tarafından desteklenmiştir (Proje kodu: 119M690).
Publication Date June 26, 2022
Submission Date September 1, 2021
Acceptance Date January 1, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 61, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { madencilik989453, journal = {Scientific Mining Journal}, issn = {2564-7024}, eissn = {2587-2613}, address = {Selanik Cad. No: 19/4 06650 Kızılay-Çankaya / ANKARA - TURKEY}, publisher = {Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey}, year = {2022}, volume = {61}, number = {2}, pages = {83 - 92}, doi = {10.30797/madencilik.989453}, title = {Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması}, key = {cite}, author = {Top, Soner and Altıner, Mahmut and Kurşunoğlu, Sait} }
APA Top, S. , Altıner, M. & Kurşunoğlu, S. (2022). Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması . Scientific Mining Journal , 61 (2) , 83-92 . DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.989453
MLA Top, S. , Altıner, M. , Kurşunoğlu, S. "Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması" . Scientific Mining Journal 61 (2022 ): 83-92 <http://www.mining.org.tr/en/pub/issue/70541/989453>
Chicago Top, S. , Altıner, M. , Kurşunoğlu, S. "Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması". Scientific Mining Journal 61 (2022 ): 83-92
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation on manganese extraction from a manganiferous iron ore using different reductants AU - SonerTop, MahmutAltıner, SaitKurşunoğlu Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.989453 DO - 10.30797/madencilik.989453 T2 - Scientific Mining Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 83 EP - 92 VL - 61 IS - 2 SN - 2564-7024-2587-2613 M3 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.989453 UR - https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.989453 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Scientific Mining Journal Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması %A Soner Top , Mahmut Altıner , Sait Kurşunoğlu %T Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması %D 2022 %J Scientific Mining Journal %P 2564-7024-2587-2613 %V 61 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30797/madencilik.989453 %U 10.30797/madencilik.989453
ISNAD Top, Soner , Altıner, Mahmut , Kurşunoğlu, Sait . "Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması". Scientific Mining Journal 61 / 2 (June 2022): 83-92 . https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.989453
AMA Top S. , Altıner M. , Kurşunoğlu S. Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması. Mining. 2022; 61(2): 83-92.
Vancouver Top S. , Altıner M. , Kurşunoğlu S. Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması. Scientific Mining Journal. 2022; 61(2): 83-92.
IEEE S. Top , M. Altıner and S. Kurşunoğlu , "Farklı indirgeyiciler kullanılarak bir manganlı demir cevherinden mangan çözündürülmesinin araştırılması", Scientific Mining Journal, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 83-92, Jun. 2022, doi:10.30797/madencilik.989453

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